RESEARCH2023-12-12T10:08:50+01:00

RESEARCH

JustWind4All tackles complex social-ecological-technical problems connected to wind energy deployment. Addressing such problems and the related governance challenges requires collaborations between different disciplines, and co-production activities between scientific and societal actors.

JustWind4All aspires to move the state of the art of wind energy research in Europe to the next level – conceptually, methodologically, and empirically – while simultaneously delivering practically relevant outputs.

To do this, the project integrates social science, natural science and engineering expertise in a rigorous trans- and interdisciplinary research design. JustWind4All draws on the expertise of different disciplines and literatures, while also basing the research on a diverse expertise of both academic and non-academic partners.

The project combines socio-ecological and techno-economic modelling to better understand the trade-offs of wind energy deployment. At the same time, we pay attention to effective and just wind governance, considering energy citizenship and issues of energy justice. Using a multi-method approach with both qualitative and quantitative methods provide us with more well-rounded insight into the researched topics. By using multicriteria mapping in two of the JustWind4All regions, as well as regional case study work, we aim to understand regional challenges and explore how and why participants’ perspectives vary on key wind energy issues.

JustWind4All approaches the research process collaboratively, both internally and externally. Regular updates and sharing of information between the consortium partners are at the centre of our research. One of the key highlights o is the interaction with local, regional, national, and EU wind energy governance actors through our Wind Forum and Wind Labs, which is a mechanism to ensure regular feedback and insights from relevant stakeholders.

JustWind4All approached the research process collaboratively, both internally and externally. Regular updates and sharing of information between the consortium partners are at centre of our research. One of the key highlights of the JustWind4All research process is also engaging with local, regional, national, and EU wind energy governance actors through our Wind Forum and Wind Labs, providing regular feedback and insights from relevant stakeholders.

Our overall research question

How and what types of wind governance processes and practices (incl. modelling, assessment, participation) enable the acceleration of wind energy deployment whilst ensuring energy justice?

Our objectives

  1. Develop a holistic and fit-for-purpose wind energy impact assessment for decision-making that considers social-environmental impacts of on- and offshore wind energy in European regions.
  2. Develop a holistic and fit-for-purpose wind energy impact assessment for decision-making that considers social-environmental impacts of on- and offshore wind energy in European regions.
  3. Develop a holistic and fit-for-purpose wind energy impact assessment for decision-making that considers social-environmental impacts of on- and offshore wind energy in European regions.
  1. Foster energy citizenship for wind energy to create configurations between people, nature & technologies that work in more harmonious ways and enhance local value creation.
  2. Capture the potential of novel resources in practice by unlocking potentials in European regions, of upcoming practices, such as repowering, and of novel technologies, such as airborne wind and floating.
  3. Carry out state-of-the-art Wind Forum-based co-production, knowledge exchange and outreach activities to increase social awareness and engagement linked to effective and just wind energy governance.

Our objectives

  1. Develop a holistic and fit-for-purpose wind energy impact assessment for decision-making that considers social-environmental impacts of on- and offshore wind energy in European regions.
  2. Develop a holistic and fit-for-purpose wind energy impact assessment for decision-making that considers social-environmental impacts of on- and offshore wind energy in European regions.
  3. Develop a holistic and fit-for-purpose wind energy impact assessment for decision-making that considers social-environmental impacts of on- and offshore wind energy in European regions.
  1. Foster energy citizenship for wind energy to create configurations between people, nature & technologies that work in more harmonious ways and enhance local value creation.
  2. Capture the potential of novel resources in practice by unlocking potentials in European regions, of upcoming practices, such as repowering, and of novel technologies, such as airborne wind and floating.
  3. Carry out state-of-the-art Wind Forum-based co-production, knowledge exchange and outreach activities to increase social awareness and engagement linked to effective and just wind energy governance.

OUR RESEARCH METHODS AND APPROACHES

Life cycle assessment (LCA) and multi-scale assessment of socio-ecosystem metabolism in an open access tool (ENBIOS)2023-04-28T11:27:08+02:00

JustWind4All makes use of an innovative approach to the holistic assessment of wind energy impacts, by integrating life cycle assessment (LCA) and multi-scale assessment of socio-ecosystem metabolism (WP1) in an open-access tool.

The (Social-) LCA method is used to assess the social and environmental impacts of products and services that follow their whole value chain. The LCA is combined with a social metabolism approach, which helps the project upscale impacts to a systemic perspective and characterise the relations between societal functions. The scope covers environmental impacts on resource depletion, terrestrial, aquatic, and marine ecosystems as well as atmospheric and social impacts on labour and human health. 

Using this method, which is based on a social-ecological systems approach, helps us better understand the relations between diverse social and environmental impacts, including on-shore, off-shore, airborne, and floating technologies. In addition, new metrics for social impacts will be created to enhance understanding of these impacts.

Quantitative energy system modelling2023-04-28T11:28:45+02:00

With this method, our research allows wind energy governance actors to consider trade-offs between social, environmental, economic, and energy system design goals. The project builds on the Europe-scale energy system model Euro-Calliope v2.0, which is one of the leading high-resolution sector-coupled European energy system models. The model covers 13 energy carriers and service demands (e.g. electricity, hydrogen, low-temperature heat etc.), which can be consumed, produced, and converted by a variety of technologies. 

The project builds on the solid modelling foundation in several ways. First, it improves wind energy technology detail by including novel technologies such as airborne wind. Second, as part of JustWind4All new objective functions are developed so that the model can go beyond techno-economic cost minimisation.

Using this method, we’ll explore the wind energy decisions in JustWind4All’s regions and Europe-wide. We will also look at  how they influence and are influenced by decisions across the European continent with regards to all technical and economic choices for energy system decarbonisation across all energy-using sectors of the economy.

Rapid Evidence Assessment (REA)2023-04-28T11:36:44+02:00

By using Rapid Evidence Assessment (REA) inspired analysis, we explore participatory practices and social innovations in wind energy both on- and offshore to create a database of good participatory practices and social innovation. This includes a review of previous EU projects in wind and participation, grey literature, and scientific papers. In the reviews, we focus on 1) existing participatory practices used by wind energy governance actors, 2) forms of energy citizenship include social innovations in wind energy, and 3) financial participation of citizens and communities in wind energy development. The outcome will be a database of good participatory practices and social innovation.

Regional cases study work2023-04-28T11:37:31+02:00

With our regional case studies, we develop an understanding of regional challenges and opportunities around wind energy governance. Based on this, we formulate key recommendations for fostering energy citizenship in an effective and just wind energy governance regionally.

Using a mixed method approach, we compare procedural and distributional justice issues in wind energy governance, such as arrangements of wind energy governance actors; ways of fostering energy citizenship (incl. gender dimensions); local value creation with regards to wind energy and policy; and institutions enabling/impeding effective and just wind energy governance.

Through interviews and focus groups, we will gather information on wind energy narratives, actor network maps involved in wind energy governance, and enabling and impeding conditions for effective and just wind energy governance in the region. Data enrichment and triangulation will occur through document review and media and policy analysis frameworks.

Multicriteria mapping2023-04-28T11:38:18+02:00

Multicriteria mapping (MCM) will be done in two of the JustWind4All’s regions: Brandenburg (DE) and North-Holland (NL). By using this hybrid qualitative/quantitative appraisal method, which involves facilitating carefully selected participants, we aim todeliver a nuanced picture of how and why participants’ perspectives vary on key wind energy issues based on contrasting means to implement wind energy in Europe’s regions. We also develop practical implications for decision-making on wind energy. This MCM complements the data generated in the impact assessment and energy systems modelling by addressing evidence concerning crucial political, cultural, and geographical dimensions to wind energy, which must be considered alongside the best available scientific data on wind energy impacts.

The data needed will be collected through interviews and workshops with wind energy governance actors. Through participatory analysis involving a variety of participants, it captures the depth and diversity of values, knowledge and framings that play a role when implementing wind energy in Europe’s regions while eliciting contrasting perspectives in a systematic and balanced way.

Wind Labs2023-04-28T11:38:42+02:00

Wind Labs are JustWind4All communities that engage in transdisciplinary knowledge co-production work through real-world experimentation. They are spaces for reflexivity, co-learning, and knowledge co-production where wind energy governance actors and researchers together address specific challenges of wind energy deployment. Since every Wind Lab has a different scope, i.e. addresses different challenges related to wind power deployment and involves different sets of stakeholders, the co-production work is contextualised for each lab and does not follow a “one-size-fits-all” approach. Rather, engagement and co-production across all labs follow shared and specific principles, and an iterative action-oriented research process including phases of planning (incl. systems analysis), acting (e.g. through workshops, experimentation), observing (incl. data collection) and reflecting/learning (incl. data analysis, lessons learned).

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